Diamond, one of the rarest materials in nature, is a mineral and is the hardest crystalline, natural and transparent substance you can find. It is also the only precious gem composed of only one element, carbon, in the purest form.
Each diamond is the result of an extraordinary journey, which transforms this natural element into the most appreciated and sought-after jewel.
Your diamond is formed hundreds of kilometers below the Earth's surface, where extreme pressures and temperatures cause carbon fragments to turn into a diamond crystal.
Later, through an incredible journey inside a volcano, your diamond finally reaches the surface.
Once they reach the surface, the rocks that contain the diamonds can scatter or accumulate over a large area, be washed away by rainwater and then pushed back inside the crater, or dispersed by other natural phenomena.
Some of these diamonds once freed from the mother rock that contained them are transported hundreds of kilometers away, to be then found in the bed of rivers or in sandy beaches.
Your diamond was probably found in one of the following locations:
AFRICA: Angola, Botswana, Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Namibia, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe.
ASIA: China, India, Indonesia, Russia.
NORTH AND SOUTH AFRICA: Brazil, Canada, Guyana French, USA, Venezuela.
After extraction and a first selection, the rough diamonds are sent to a cutting center. Cutting a diamond can be considered a real art, which allows you to transform a raw material into a faceted stone. It therefore requires a lot of experience and, due to its extreme hardness, particular techniques and tools.
Once faceted, and before being mounted in a jewel, the diamond is usually sent to an analysis laboratory to determine the quality.
A DIAMOND IS PROBABLY THE OLDEST OBJECT YOU WILL EVER OWN; ITS AGE, ABOUT 3 BILLION YEARS, CORRESPONDS TO TWO-THIRDS OF THE LIFE OF THE EARTH.